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What health-related information can I learn from 23andMe?

23andMe® brings the world of genetics to you. 23andMe analyses variations at specific positions in your genome. These variations, called SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms), have the potential to tell you about your traits—such as eye or hair color—and certain health conditions.

The Health + Ancestry Service includes all of the reports and tools offered in the Ancestry Service plus reports on carrier status*, genetic health risks*, wellness and traits.

Carrier Status Reports | Genetic Health Risk Reports | Wellness Reports | Traits Reports | Common Questions

 

Carrier Status Reports

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The 23andMe Carrier Status* reports are included in the Health + Ancestry Service. The 23andMe Carrier Status reports tell you about variants that may not affect your health, but could affect the health of your future family. Being a "carrier" means you "carry" one genetic variant for a condition. Carriers do not typically have the genetic condition, but they can pass a genetic variant down to their children. Understanding your carrier status helps you work with your doctor to prepare for the health of your future family.

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View full list of reports.

Customers who purchase the Ancestry Service will have the option to add all of the existing Carrier Status*, Genetic Health Risk*, Wellness and Traits reports later for an additional fee.

 

Genetic Health Risk Reports

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The 23andMe Genetic Health Risk* reports are included in the Health + Ancestry Service. The 23andMe Genetic Health Risk reports tell you if you have genetic variants associated with an increased risk of developing certain health conditions - such as Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease* or Parkinson's Disease*. While having a particular variant can be linked to a higher risk for a condition, it does not necessarily mean you will develop the condition. It is important to remember that these reports do not cover all possible genetic variants that could influence risk for these conditions and that other non-genetic factors, such as environment and lifestyle, can also influence risk for these conditions.

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View full list of reports.

Customers who purchase the Ancestry Service will have the option to add all of the existing Carrier Status*, Genetic Health Risk*, Wellness and Traits reports later for an additional fee.

 

Wellness Reports

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The 23andMe Wellness reports are included in the Health + Ancestry Service. The 23andMe Wellness reports can help you make more informed choices that may relate to healthy living. Find out how your DNA influences your caffeine consumption, lactose digestion and your muscle type.

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View full list of reports.

Customers who purchase the Ancestry Service will have the option to add all of the existing Carrier Status*, Genetic Health Risk*, Wellness and Traits reports later for an additional fee.

 

Traits

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The 23andMe Traits reports are included in the Health + Ancestry Service. Our Traits reports are a fun way to explore how your DNA makes you unique, from your food preferences to physical features.

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View full list of reports.

Customers who purchase the Ancestry Service will have the option to add all of the existing Carrier Status*, Genetic Health Risk*, Wellness and Traits reports later for an additional fee.

 

Common Questions

What is the difference between the Ancestry Service and the Health + Ancestry Service?

The Health + Ancestry Service includes reports on carrier status*, genetic health risk*, wellness and traits whereas the Ancestry Service does not.

Customers who purchase the Ancestry Service will have the option to add all of the existing Carrier Status*, Genetic Health Risk*, Wellness and Traits reports later for an additional fee.

Both services include the Ancestry reports—Ancestry Composition, Haplogroups, Your DNA Family, and Neanderthal Ancestry—and access to the DNA Relatives tool and your raw, uninterpreted genetic data file** (must not be used for medical or diagnostic purposes).

Compare Service Options.

 

What will I receive? How do I see a list of currently available reports?

The reports available to you depend on the service you purchase. The Health + Ancestry Service includes all of the reports and tools offered in the Ancestry Service plus reports on carrier status, genetic health risk, wellness and traits.

Only one kit is needed per person regardless of the service purchased; customers who purchase the Ancestry Service will have the option to add Carrier Status*, Genetic Health Risk*, Wellness and Traits reports later for an additional fee.

Compare Service Options.

View full list of available Health and Ancestry Service reports.

 

What conditions are not included in 23andMe?

To view some conditions that are not included in 23andMe reports, visit the Conditions Not Included In 23andMe help article. The list in the help article is not comprehensive, and conditions not listed there are not necessarily included in our current 23andMe reports.

 

How accurate are the reports?

23andMe is the first and only genetic service available directly to you that includes reports that meet FDA requirements for being scientifically and clinically valid.

Our rigorous quality standards:

  • Carrier Status* and Genetic Health Risk* tests meet FDA criteria for being scientifically and clinically valid.
  • Our DNA collection kit is FDA-cleared for use with our Carrier Status tests and manufactured in accordance with Good Manufacturing Practice regulations.
  • Genotyping is a well-established and reliable platform for analyzing DNA.
  • Our team of scientists and medical experts use a rigorous process to develop and design each report, ensuring validity and ease of use.
  • Ancestry percentages are derived from our powerful, well-tested system that provides you with ancestry estimates down to the 0.1%.

 

Is 23andMe diagnostic?

No, 23andMe reports do not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice.

  • The 23andMe Carrier Status* reports can tell you if you have specific genetic variants that you could pass on to your children, from saliva collected using an FDA-cleared collection device (Oragene DX model OGD.500.001), but they cannot tell you if you have two copies of the variants. Carrier Status reports are not intended to diagnose a disease, or tell you anything about your risk for developing a disease in the future. Each Carrier Status report is most relevant for people of certain ethnicities. On their own, these reports are not intended to tell you anything about the health of your fetus, or your newborn child’s risk of developing a particular disease later in life.

  • The 23andMe Genetic Health Risk* reports tell you if you have genetic variants that may increase your risk of developing certain health conditions. While having a particular variant can be linked to a higher risk for a condition, it does not necessarily mean you will develop the condition. It is important to remember that these reports do not cover all possible genetic variants that could influence risk for these conditions and that other non-genetic factors, such as environment and lifestyle, can also influence risk for these conditions. Consult with a healthcare professional if the condition runs in your family, you think you might have the condition, or you have questions about any genetic or nongenetic risk factors you may have.

  • The 23andMe Wellness reports make connections between your DNA and traits that may relate to healthy living, however, other genetic and nongenetic factors may impact whether or not you display a specific trait. Consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes.

  • The 23andMe Trait reports make connections between your DNA and your features and characteristics. It is important to keep in mind that although these reports predict your genetic chances of having a trait, many other factors can influence your actual traits.

 

Will I receive a printed copy of my results?

A summary of your reports as well as select 23andMe reports are printable through your account on our secure website. You must log in to your 23andMe account on our secure website to view your information. While some reports are printable, we do not include a printed report through the mail or provide your data via email.

You will need access to a computer or mobile device that connects to the internet. The 23andMe website supports the latest versions of Chrome, Safari, Firefox, and Internet Explorer (IE). We recommend using the most up-to-date browser version available. You will also need access to a valid email address from which you can send and receive messages in order to set up a 23andMe account.

 

 

*The 23andMe PGS test uses qualitative genotyping to detect clinically relevant variants in the genomic DNA of adults from saliva collected using a collection device (Oragene·DX model OGD-500.001) for the purpose of reporting and interpreting genetic health risks and reporting carrier status. It is not intended to diagnose any disease. The relevance of each report varies based on ethnicity. Each genetic health risk report describes if a person has variants associated with a higher risk of developing a disease, but does not describe a person’s overall risk of developing the disease. These reports are not intended to tell you anything about your current state of health, or to be used to make medical decisions, including whether or not you should take a medication or how much of a medication you should take. Our carrier status reports can be used to determine carrier status, but cannot determine if you have two copies of any genetic variant. These carrier reports are not intended to tell you anything about your risk for developing a disease in the future or anything about the health of your fetus, or your newborn child's risk of developing a particular disease later in life. For Gaucher Disease Type 1, we provide a single report that includes information on both carrier status and genetic health risk. The 23andMe PGS Carrier Status report for Bloom Syndrome is indicated for the detection of the BLMAsh variant in the BLM gene, and is most relevant for people of Ashkenazi Jewish descent. The Late-onset Alzheimer’s Disease genetic health risk report is indicated for reporting of the ε4 variant in the APOE gene and describes if a person has a variant associated with an increased risk of developing late-onset Alzheimer’s disease. The ε4 variant included in this report is found and has been studied in many ethnicities. Detailed risk estimates have been studied the most in people of European descent. The Parkinson’s Disease genetic health risk report (i) is indicated for reporting of the G2019S variant in the LRRK2 gene, and the N370S variant in the GBA gene, (ii) describes if a person has variants associated with an increased risk of developing Parkinson’s disease, and (iii) is most relevant for people of European, Ashkenazi Jewish, and North African Berber descent.

**This data has undergone a general quality review however only a subset of markers have been individually validated for accuracy. The data from 23andMe's Browse Raw Data feature is suitable only for research, educational, and informational use and not for medical, diagnostic or other use.

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