|Important: This article is applicable to the Health + Ancestry Service. If you purchased the Ancestry + Traits Service, you can add reports once you have received data.|
If you have just received your 23andMe® reports, you may be wondering where to start. After all, there is a lot about you that makes you unique. In this article you will find a brief introduction to the reports provided by 23andMe and other key information to help you get started exploring your genetics.
If you are new to the world of genetics or it has been a while since your last genetics class, you can review a few concepts about genetics in our Tutorials.
This article will discuss the following topics:
- Accessing Your Health Predisposition Reports
- How to set your profile information (applicable to Health + Ancestry Service profiles only).
- How to print a summary of your reports.
- The 23andMe report categories and the information each category provides.
- The limitations of the reports (applicable to Health + Ancestry Service profiles only).
After you receive an email announcing “Your reports are ready”, you will need to log in to your online 23andMe account using the email address you provided during the registration process—this is the same email address used to announce that your data was ready.
Your 23andMe reports and our interactive features are only accessible from within your account.
- If you forgot the password connected to your account, you can reset it here.
- If you forgot or lost access to the email address connected to your account, please contact us.
After you have successfully logged into your account, you are asked to supply your ethnicity. Our Carrier Status* Reports explain your results in the context of your ethnicity. Some associations between genotype and phenotype are better studied in certain populations and are most applicable to people of a particular ethnic background. If a genetic condition has been studied in your ethnicity, our reports may provide more detailed information for you. As new scientific studies are published, we’ll continue working to expand our tests to include variants applicable to more ethnicities.
You can review or edit your ethnicity information at any time from within your account. Keep in mind that your Carrier Status reports will not be available to you until you have completed this information.
We do not use your self-reported ethnicity information to compute your Ancestry Composition.
You will be asked to choose whether you would like to include or exclude all Carrier Status*, and Health Predisposition (including Genetic Health Risk)* Reports*. Our health reports provide information about genetic risks for health conditions that could be relevant for you, your future children, and potentially other family members. Our Pharmacogenetics reports can provide information on how your DNA may impact the way your body processes certain medications. Deciding whether or not you want to learn about these risks is a personal choice. You have control over what types of information you would like to see and can choose to exclude certain reports that you may not want to view. You may also wish to review important information about our Genetic Health Risk* and Carrier Status* Reports.
If you choose to exclude these reports, you can choose to include them at a later time from within your account settings. You will also have the choice to remove these reports from view at a later time, however, please remember that once you have viewed your genetic information, the knowledge is irrevocable.
It is important to note that reports on wellness and traits are always visible for profiles that purchased the Health + Ancestry Service.
The Late-Onset Alzheimer’s Disease Genetic Health Risk Report*, Parkinson’s Disease Genetic Health Risk Report*, BRCA1/BRCA2 (Selected Variants) Genetic Health Risk Report*, and the MUTYH-Associated Polyposis (MAP) Genetic Health Risk Report* require you to make an additional choice after you have agreed to receive health reports. If you tend to feel anxious or have ever been diagnosed with anxiety or depression, you may have more emotional difficulty with these reports. To learn more about the disease and report, click the “Learn more” link next to the title of the report on the reports configuration page.
If you choose to exclude these reports, you will have the option to include them at a later time from within your account settings. You are welcome to opt-in to some, all, or none of these reports.
The 23andMe reports are only accessible from within your account; you must log in to your account to print your reports. To print an individual report, click on the Print button in the upper-right corner of the report.
To print a summary of your reports, simply login and select either Health or Ancestry Section from the top navigation menu. Next, click on All Reports from the dropdown menu, then click on the Report Summary button in the upper-right corner.
Introducing the 23andMe Reports
You can explore what your DNA says about you in the 23andMe Reports—accessible by selecting Traits/Health & Traits or Ancestry Section options from the top navigation bar or the side panel of your homepage. The categories of reports available to you depend on your service type—Ancestry + Traits Service, Health + Ancestry Service, or Health + Ancestry Service with 23andMe+ Membership. Learn more about our DNA test kit service options.
Ancestry + Traits Service
You will receive the Ancestry Reports—Ancestry Composition, Haplogroups, and Neanderthal Ancestry—and Traits Reports. You will also have access to interactive features to share, compare and discover more with friends and family—including the optional DNA Relatives feature.
Customers who purchased the Ancestry + Traits Service will be able to add Carrier Status*, Health Predisposition*, and Wellness Reports later for an additional cost. Learn more about how to add Health Reports.
Health + Ancestry Service
You will receive 150+ reports on Carrier Status*, Health Predisposition (including Genetic Health Risk*), Wellness, Traits and Ancestry. You will also have access to interactive features to share, compare, and discover more with friends and family—including the DNA Relatives feature.
Understanding the Limitations of Your Reports on Health and Traits
Is 23andMe Diagnostic?
No, 23andMe reports do not diagnose any health conditions or provide medical advice. The 23andMe Carrier Status Reports can tell you if you have specific genetic variants that you could pass on to your future children, from saliva collected using an FDA-cleared collection device (Oragene DX model OGD.500.001). Carrier Status tests are not intended to diagnose a disease, or tell you anything about your risk for developing a disease in the future. However, for certain conditions, we provide a single report that includes information on both carrier status and genetic health risk. Each Carrier Status Report is most relevant for people of certain ethnicities. On their own, these tests are not intended to tell you anything about the health of your fetus, or your newborn child’s risk of developing a particular disease later in life.
The 23andMe Health Predisposition Reports help you learn how your genetics can influence your chances of developing certain health conditions. This category includes FDA authorized Genetic Health Risk* Reports. The 23andMe Genetic Health Risk Reports tell you if you have genetic variants that are associated with an increased risk of developing certain health conditions but does not report on your (a user’s) entire genetic profile. While having a particular variant can be linked to a higher risk for a condition, it does not necessarily mean you will develop the condition. It is important to remember that these reports do not cover all possible genetic variants that could influence risk for these conditions and that other non-genetic factors, such as environment and lifestyle, can also influence risk for these conditions. Consult with a healthcare professional if the condition runs in your family, you think you might have the condition, or you have questions about any genetic or nongenetic risk factors you may have.
The 23andMe Wellness Reports make connections between your DNA that may relate to healthy living, however, other genetic and nongenetic factors may affect whether or not you display a specific trait. Consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes.
The 23andMe Traits Reports make connections between your DNA and your features and characteristics. It is important to keep in mind that although these reports predict your genetic chances of having a trait, many other factors can influence your actual traits.
Receiving "Variant not determined" or "Result not determined"
In some cases, we are not able to provide a result for a particular report. If results cannot be provided for a report, you will see “Variant not determined” or “Result not determined”. If you are seeing this result, our algorithm may not have been able to confidently determine your genotype. All genetic markers used in our reports are evaluated for high data quality and accuracy. Occasionally, a person's data may not allow us to determine his or her genotype confidently at a particular marker. In regard to your Carrier Status reports, in certain instances a "not determined" result may appear if a person has two copies of a variant. In most cases, our Carrier Status reports can only determine if someone is a carrier (has only one copy) of the tested variants. Most reports reports cannot determine if an individual has two copies of the same variant.
Some “not determined” variants are expected in the raw data and not a cause for concern.
It is important to keep in mind that our tests do not diagnose any health conditions.
Understanding Your Health Predisposition Reports
To get additional information about what your genetic results mean or to better understand the limitations of the report, navigate to the Frequently Asked Questions section of the report. This section is located near the top of each report when available.
- Go to the Health Predisposition Reports
- Information About Navigating and Understanding Health Predisposition Reports
- Genetic Health Risk (tutorial)
- Printable Summary
- Update or Set Ethnicity Information
- Update or Set Reports Configuration
- Shared Risk - Talking to Family Members About Genetic Test Results
- I’m concerned about my data. What should I do?
- Report FAQs
*The 23andMe PGS test uses qualitative genotyping to detect select clinically relevant variants in the genomic DNA of adults from saliva for the purpose of reporting and interpreting genetic health risks and reporting carrier status. It is not intended to diagnose any disease. Your ethnicity may affect the relevance of each report and how your genetic health risk results are interpreted. Each genetic health risk report describes if a person has variants associated with a higher risk of developing a disease, but does not describe a person’s overall risk of developing the disease. The test is not intended to tell you anything about your current state of health, or to be used to make medical decisions, including whether or not you should take a medication, how much of a medication you should take, or determine any treatment. Our carrier status reports can be used to determine carrier status, but cannot determine if you have two copies of any genetic variant. These carrier reports are not intended to tell you anything about your risk for developing a disease in the future, the health of your fetus, or your newborn child's risk of developing a particular disease later in life. For certain conditions, we provide a single report that includes information on both carrier status and genetic health risk. Warnings & Limitations: The 23andMe PGS Genetic Health Risk Report for BRCA1/BRCA2 (Selected Variants) is indicated for reporting of the 185delAG and 5382insC variants in the BRCA1 gene and the 6174delT variant in the BRCA2 gene. The report describes if a woman is at increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer, and if a man is at increased risk of developing breast cancer or may be at increased risk of developing prostate cancer. The three variants included in this report are most common in people of Ashkenazi Jewish descent and do not represent the majority of BRCA1/BRCA2 variants in the general population. The MUTYH-Associated Polyposis Genetic Health Risk Report is indicated for reporting the Y179C and G396D variants in the MUTYH gene and an increased risk for colorectal cancer. The two variants included in this report are most common in people of Northern European descent. These reports do not include variants in other genes linked to hereditary cancers and the absence of variants included in these reports do not rule out the presence of other genetic variants that may impact cancer risk. The PGS test is not a substitute for visits to a healthcare professional for recommended screenings or appropriate follow-up. Results should be confirmed in a clinical setting before taking any medical action. For important information and limitations regarding other genetic health risk reports and carrier status reports, visit 23andme.com/test-info/.